Orchids differ in various shapes, colors and flowering times. There are many types of orchids that you can grow in your home. The most sold and grown among the orchid varieties is “Phalaenopsis”. This is the most common type of orchid in florists. “Phalaenopsis” usually has a mixture of purple, pink, pink and white colors.
How To Care Orchid
- Angraecum Orchid
- Brassavola Orchid
- Brassia Orchid
- Cattleya Orchid
- Cymbidium Orchid
- Dendrobium Orchid
- Encyclia Orchid
- Epidendrum Orchid
- Lady Sipper Orchid
- Masdevallia Orchid
- Maxillaria Orchid
- Odontoglossum Orchid
- Oncidium Orchid
- Vanda Orchid
- Vanilla Orchid
- Zygopetalum Orchid
Orchid Care by House Temperature
As we mentioned above, different types of orchids require maintenance in different ways. As with irrigation, the temperature of the places where they are located can also vary. To find out which temperature is the most suitable for your plant, you must first learn the type of your orchids. For orchid care, it is important in the differences between day and night temperatures of the area where the orchid is located.
Below you can find a list of ideal temperatures for common orchid species.
Phalaenopsis: Phalaenopsis type orchids need a temperature of 21-29 degrees during the day and 18-21 degrees at night.
Cattleya: The ideal temperature range for Cattleya orchids is between 18-24 degrees during the day and 13-18 degrees during the night. Miltonia likes these temperatures in orchids.
Masdavallia: Such orchids grow at a temperature of 10-13 degrees during the day and 15-21 at night.
As you can see in the list above, it is possible to find an orchid variety that grows in every temperature range. These temperature differences occur according to the country where the orchid was originally grown.
For example, Miltonia orchid grows in the mid-height regions of Brazil and needs a cool environment at night. Phalaenopsis, which is the most grown orchid, comes from the regions located at the tropical and sea level, and also enjoys warm environments in the evening.
Although orchids can tolerate the range of daytime temperatures to a great extent, night temperatures are important. If the night temperature drops below 10 degrees for a long time, it becomes difficult for them to bloom and the blooming flowers will not look very good.
Therefore, if you are performing orchid maintenance in an air-conditioned area, you should not keep it near the air conditioner.
How Much Light Do Orchids Need
Like orchids, it needs lots of light in orchids. Despite a sufficient amount of watering, good soil and proper temperature, your flower will not open if it does not get enough light. If your orchid does not bloom for a long time (remembering that orchids usually bloom once a year), it is not wrong to suspect that it is not getting enough light.
Orchids also need different amounts of light, from low light to abundant light, depending on the type. Among the orchid species, Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilum are those who need the least amount of light, Miltonia and Cattleya are those who need moderate light, and Vanda and Brassavola are the ones who need it most.
How Much Light Do Orchids Need
You can see if the orchid is getting enough light by looking at its leaves. Although dark green leaves look nice to the eye, it may be an indicator that the plant is not getting enough light. If there is not enough light in your home for your orchid, you can buy the lights produced for plants.
Recommendations for Orchid Care
Caring for orchids indoors isn’t actually a very difficult task. Orchid is a plant that can easily adapt to salons or other interior spaces. If you are thinking about growing orchids indoors, the first thing you need to do is to choose an orchid suitable for the light conditions of your home. If you have a winter garden or if your home gets good sun, Phalaenopsis, Cattleya, Dendrobium, Cymbidium can be ideal for growing orchids. Determine the location where you will place the orchid in your home. For this, you may need to use a thermometer to determine the day and night temperatures of the house.
Another important point for the healthy development and flowering of orchids is the amount of light it receives. The amount of light coming into your home may differ during the year. You should carefully consider the point where you will place the orchid, taking this into account. Different orchid types need different amounts of light. So when buying your orchids, don’t forget to ask the store how much light you want and what type. If the most light corner of your home is too bright for orchids, you can stick the glass on the glass and leave the plant in a little shade.
Like the light, the amount of moisture in the house may vary during the year. The optimum amount of moisture for orchid care should not be below 40%. In addition, if the area where you place your orchid is not adequately ventilated, bacteria and fungal growth may occur on the leaves and stalk.
Replacing just a few inches in the area where the orchid is placed can have a positive or negative effect on the plant. For example, an orchid 10 centimeters away from glass can bloom when the distance to glass is 3 centimeters while it is unhealthy.
If your home is not exposed to light, this does not mean that you cannot grow orchids. In the field of plant care, there are many products that you can use from humidifiers to artificial plant lights, from coolers to fans. Of course, it will be an orchid care that requires much more effort than these natural ways.
Every living being needs water in order to survive, as well as regular water in its orchids. However, a large amount of water does not always mean good care. Many people lost their orchids due to excessive watering. Knowing the type of orchids you maintain will be a good starting point for understanding how much water your plant needs. Because there are different watering times for different orchid types. Below you can find information on the recommended irrigation amounts for some orchid varieties.
Irrigation According to Orchid Variety
- Phalaenopsis – Should be equally moist throughout the year
- Paphiopedilum – You know that moisturizes the leaves throughout the year, but do not water the soil until it is almost dry.
- Brassia – The soil should be moist in spring and summer (since it is growing period), you can give less water at other times.
- Cattleya – Do not water before growing the soil a little while growing
- Cymbidium – It can be evenly moist, you can give less water after completing its growth.
The stems of orchids are wide and long enough to store water and minerals in the water. Orchids with these long stems do not need much water. So you don’t need to water it again until it dries. However, short stem orchids require more humid environments and may need to be watered more frequently.
If you use tap water for orchid care, you should make sure that the water is not hard. Because orchids do not like waters with too many dissolved minerals, lime and sand. You can tell whether your water is chalky or not from your washing machine or taste.
Yes, in short, if you have decided to care for orchids, what you need to do is to determine the area where you will position the flower, to measure the day and night temperatures of the house, to decide the type of orchid you will buy, to ask the type of the plant and the water requirement to the place where you bought the orchid, and finally to water your plant with quality water.