Percy Bysshe Shelley

Name Surname: Percy Bysshe Shelley

Date of Birth: August 04, 1792

From: England Occupations: Poet’s Death Date: July 08, 1822

Who is Percy Bysshe Shelley

One of the most important poets of English literature and the Romantic Period.

Percy Bysshe Shelley was born on August 4, 1792 in Horsham, England. He is the son of a wealthy landowner. He spent his childhood in prosperity. Like all polite children of that time, he studied at Eton College as a boarder. He then entered Oxford University for university education. However, when he was at school in 1811, he was expelled from Oxford because of his article (The Necessity of Atheism) he wrote with a friend. He was also rejected by his father and went to London.

Percy Bysshe Shelley could not publish the long poem “Queen Mah”, which defended the republic, with fear of oppression. He had to publish himself in 1813.

He tried to get along with the pocket money increased by his sisters during his stray, difficult condition and messy life in London. He married Harriet Westbrook, daughter of a wealthy restaurant, in Edinburgh in 1811. They made trips, saw different places, and Shelley wrote her two great poems while sitting in Wales: Queen Mab (Queen Mab) 1813. She started having a relationship with someone else.

Percy Bysshe Shelley married 16-year-old Harriet Westhrook in 1811 when she went to London, but left her because of her love for another 16-year-old girl (Mary Shelley in 1814). This girl was Mary, the daughter of William Godwin, whose writings deeply influenced Shelley’s thoughts. Since Mary’s father did not approve of this relationship, they left England and went to Switzerland. There he met the poet Lord Byron. When his wife, Harriet, committed suicide, they returned to England and married and spent the summer of 1816 together with Lord Byron at Lake Geneva. In 1818 they set out from England to visit Europe. Finally they settled in Italy.

Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote her most beautiful poems in Italy, including “Prometheus Unbound” (1820), “To a Skylark” (1820) and “Adonais” (1821), written by the poet John Keats.

Poems of this period: Alastor; or The Spirit of Solitude 1816, The Revolt of Islam (1818), Rosalind and Helen, A Modern Eclogue: White Other Poems (A Modern Eclog and Other Poems by R.) 1819.

In the works of The Revolt of Islam in 1816-1818 and Prometheus in 1820, he blessed the unity of men and women as a liberating relationship and tied his hope to the “East”. They also volunteered as a volunteer advocate for vegetarianism, which began to spread rapidly this century, together with Lev Tolstoy.

Death Of Percy Bysshe Shelley

Percy Bysshe Shelley died with his friend Edward Williams and his wife Mary Shelley in a storm off the coast of Livorno in Italy with his sailboat named Ariel. Ten days later, they found the poet’s death hit the beach. A funeral was held for him by being cremated where he was.

Death Of Percy Bysshe’s Marriages

First wife: He married Harriet Westbrook in 1811. In 1816, his wife committed suicide. She had 1 girl and 1 boy.

Second wife: Married Mary Shelley on December 13, 1816. They had children named Percy Florence Shelley, Claire Clairmont Shelley, William Shelley.

Percy Bysshe Shelley died on July 8, 1822, in Lerici, Italy, at the age of 30.

Percy Bysshe Shelley is best known for her short poems. In the poem “To a Skylark”, he describes the enthusiastic chirp of a lark flying in a deep blue sky on a summer day.

When the Lamp is Shattered


When the lamp is shattered
The light in dust lies dead –
When the cloud is scattered
The rainbow’s glory is shed.
When the lute is broken,
Sweet tones are remembered not;
When the lips have spoken,
Loved accents are soon forgot.


As music and splendour
Survive not the lamp and the lute,
The heart’s echoes render
No song when the spirit is mute: –
 No song but sad dirges,
Like the wind through a ruined cell,
Or the mournful surges
That ring the dead seaman’s knell.


When hearts have once mingled
Love first leaves the well-built nest
The weak one is singled
To endure what it once possessed.
O Love! who bewailest
The frailty of all things here,
Why choose you the frailest
For your cradle, your home, and your bier?


Its passions rock thee
As the storms rock the ravens on high;
Bright reason will mock thee,
Like the sun from a wintry sky.
From thy nest every rafter
Will rot, and thine eagle home
Leave thee naked to laughter,
When leaves fall and cold winds come.

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