What is a Domain? Domain Information for Beginners 2020

What is a domain? Domain name, in other words, the domain name (or domain name) in Turkish means essentially the equivalent of your website’s physical address. For example, consider a navigation satellite. It needs an address or postal code first to provide you with the required directions. Likewise, your internet browser needs a domain name to get you to a site.

What does a domain mean? Domain name consists of two important elements. For example, the Facebook.com domain name contains the name of the website (ie Facebook) and the extension of the domain name (.com). When a company (or person) buys a domain name, it can determine which server that address will point to.

Domain name registrations are monitored by the organization called ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers). ICANN maintains a central database showing where domain names are pointing out, indicating which domain name extensions are available.

All the websites you visit contain effectively two elements: a domain name and a web server.

  • The web server is a physical machine that hosts the files and databases on which your website was created and transmits these files to them when someone wants to visit your site.
  • So what is a domain name? Domain name is the address people write to enter your site. These addresses point to the server where the information is stored in the internet browser. Without a domain name, people can only access your site by entering the IP address of your server – this is not a practical method since IP addresses consist of long numbers.

How Domain Works

You can think of domain names as a shortcut to the server hosting your website.

When there is no domain name, people who want to visit your site will have to enter their IP address completely. The problem, however, is that IP addresses are not easily memorized.

For example, Hostinger.web.tr is a domain name. Let’s say it points to an IP address of This IP address points to the server, but the site does not open when visitors try to visit it. This is because in order to access the site with an IP address, the remote server must use port 80 for a default page in the directory where web applications are stored (for example index.html).

As you can see, dealing with basic server settings and IP addresses can become both confusing and time consuming. That is why many website owners prefer to use a service with annual web hosting plans, such as Godaddy, that comes with the domain name.

Domains also use forwarding. In this way, you can automatically forward a person visiting your domain address to another domain address. This method is especially useful for campaigns, microsites, or directing people to landing pages specific to your site.

Another advantage is that the confusion arising from the spelling rules can be prevented. For example, when you visit www.fb.com, you will be directed to www.facebook.com.

Different Domain Types

Not all domain names follow the same formula. For example, even if .com domains account for 46.5% of all websites, there is still a fairly large domain for domains such as .org and .net. In general, the most common domain types are:

TLD: Top Level Domain

As can be understood from the name of top level domains or top level domains, it is the type of domain name at the top of the domain name system. There are over a thousand TLDs available, but the most common are .com, .org, .net, and .edu extensions.

The official list of TLDs is managed by the institution called Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and can be viewed from this link. IANA takes note of the list of TLDs containing ccTLD and gTLD, which we will focus on soon.

ccTLD: County Code Top Level Domains

The ccTLD contains international country codes and consists of only two letters, for example the .us extension is used for the United States. For Turkey, this is an extension .fr extension. They are often used by companies that create sites specific to certain regions and make visitors feel that they have reached the correct address.

gTLD: Generic Top Level Domain

A gTLD is essentially a TLD that does not need a country code. Most gTLDs are designed for private use, for example the .edu extension is used by educational institutions. However, you don’t need to meet any criteria to create a gTLD record, so the .com extension is not only used for commercial purposes.

Other examples of gTLDs are .mil (military – army), .gov (goverment – state), .org (non-profit organizations), and .net extensions designed primarily for use by internet service providers.

Other Domain Name Types

While the above-mentioned domain categories are the most common, there are several other extensions you might encounter.

Second Level Domains

You’ve probably seen these domain names before. These domains are addresses that are just below the top-level domain names. We will not go into too much technical details because it will be easier to show with examples, especially when it comes to country codes.

For example, British companies sometimes use the .co.uk extension instead of .com, which is a great example for a second-level domain issue. Another second-level domain is the .gov.uk extension, often used by government agencies. Finally .ac.uk is used by academic institutions and universities.

What is Subdomain

Subdomains are very useful because they don’t require web developers to get extra domain names to create sections on their sites. Instead, by creating a subdomain, they can effectively point to a specific directory on the server. This is particularly useful for campaign sites and different web content that should be kept separate from the homepage.

Let’s explain it again with an example. It provides benefits information for web and app developers who want to use the Facebook API via Facebook developers.facebook.com. Another example is support.google.com.

How to Buy a Domain

Although different providers use different systems, this answer summarizes the classical registration process, but there may be minor changes depending on the provider.

You usually start by making a domain query first. Most domain name providers allow you to check whether they can be obtained by entering your desired domain name. At Godaddy, you can browse various domain name suggestions thanks to the potential domain names system, which can be very useful if the domain name you are looking for is already taken.

After dealing with this part, you need to complete the order and payment process for your new domain name. After the registration is created, you will have access to a control panel containing the necessary management tools.

Domain Name Transfer

Domain names can be transferred between registers. However, some conditions must be met for this:

60 days or more must have passed since the registration or the last transfer.
Domain name is not in Redemption or Falling state
You must know your domain authority code (also known as EPP code).
Domain ownership information must be valid and privacy protection services must be disabled.

  • 60 days or more must have passed since the registration or the last transfer.
  • Domain name is not in Redemption or Falling state
  • You must know your domain authority code (also known as EPP code).
  • Domain ownership information must be valid and privacy protection services must be disabled.

Although domain transfer is not compulsory, keeping all your services in one location makes the management process very easy.

You can perform domain transfer from any record in Godaddy. This process takes 4 to 7 days to be fully completed. However, our dedicated customer success team will be with you at every moment of this process!

Difference Between Domain Name and Web Hosting

Let’s remember the first beginning of our article. Considering the domain name as your physical address, web hosting is the building itself where the content is stored.

Domain names are used to create a shortcut for visitors to access the server hosting the website. It is completely digital and stored in a central database.

The concept of hosting is a bit different because they need a physical server connected to the internet, located anywhere in the world. It’s essentially like a computer hard drive that stores files and databases of your website. Its name is the server because it literally “presents” your website to your visitors.

When you enter a URL in your internet browser (for example, www.mediazone.net), a request is sent to the server where your site is hosted. Then, this server uploads the files and transmits them to the device you use over the internet, so that the site is displayed.

As a result, what is Domain Name?

Domain name is essentially the web hosting equivalent of the postal address. What you need to know are:

  • A domain name is like the physical address of your site.
  • They contain a website name (eg Hostinger) and domain extension (eg .com).
  • All domain name registrations are managed by ICANN.
  • Domains work by directing visitors to relevant servers.
  • .com domains extension is the most popular, constitutes 46.5% of the internet.
  • ccTLDs use country codes and define geographic regions (eg .tr or .es)
  • gTLDs are designed for specific purposes (eg .org for organizations).
  • Each domain name provider has a different registration process.
  • You can check the appropriate domain names using the domain query services.
  • Domains can be transferred from one provider to another.
  • Servers are physical machines that store your website’s files.
  • If you need help, our support team will be happy to assist.

In this guide, we have explained topics such as what is a domain, what is a domain name and how to buy a domain. At the same time, we learned how to make domain transfer by focusing on how the registration process works.

If you have questions about the domain, you can easily send it to us using the comments section below!

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